Last year SQL Server 2012 got new service pack - SP4. Is it compatible with SharePoint Server 2010 SP2 (build 14.0.7190.5000)?
SharePoint 2010 supports SQL Server 2012 since ServicePack 1. See System Requirements.
Any following ServicePacks or Cumulative Updates for SQL-Server 2012 are supported. You just cannot upgrade to SQL Server 2014 or later!