Go to advanced settings for the library and check "Per-Location View Settings".
Here you should be able to set that the top in your hierarchy only uses a view that shows the column, and then set another view for all the others sub folders.
Configure the availability of views for a location in the site hierarchy
Per-location view settings don't ...
I think your options include preliminarily creating several views for common combinations of columns, or create a personal list view upon navigation, then navigate to it afterwards.
Other than ...