I am referring a SharePoint book and I found the following code snippet in an example in that book.

using (SPSite mySiteCollection = new SPSite(mySiteUrl))
    using (SPWeb mySPSite = mySiteCollection.RootWeb)
       //your code here.

I read through the usage of RootWeb property over OpenWeb() method all over the internet and found that we should never use RootWeb property inside of a 'using' statement. But in this book, they always use RootWeb for create SPWeb object. And everything works perfectly.

Can anybody tell me how should I use RootWeb property over OpenWeb method? And what are the pros and cons using each of them. Actually I found similar question in here. But it doesn't provide the answer for my question.


The Property RootWeb always give you the root web of the site.
In addition - you get an existing instance and you should not dispose it or use it in Using statement. (It's basically the same.)

OpenWeb function creates a new instance you must dispose,
And it does not always give you the root web -
This function will open the website at the URL you provided to create your SPSite object. (mySiteUrl at your case.)

From the Reflector:

public SPWeb RootWeb
        if (this.m_rootWeb == null)
            this.m_rootWeb = this.OpenWeb(this.ServerRelativeUrl);
            this.m_rootWebCreated = true;
        return this.m_rootWeb;

You can see that the instance is created only once,
And from then on - you get the existing instance.

Reflecting OpenWeb:

public SPWeb OpenWeb(string strUrl, bool requireExactUrl)
    SPGlobal.ValidateWebName(strUrl, true);
    if (!this.IsValidWebUrl(strUrl))
        throw new ArgumentException(SPResource.GetString("InvalidUrl", new object[]
    string url = this.MakeFullUrl(strUrl);
    return new SPWeb(this, url, requireExactUrl);
  • Interesting. Are you sure that new SPSite(mySiteUrl).RootWeb will not create a new instance (SPWeb) of the root web of the site collection? – Vardhaman Deshpande Oct 13 '13 at 11:16
  • @VardhamanDeshpande - I edited my answer. – banana Oct 13 '13 at 11:49
  • OK so RootWeb creates a new instance only the first time it is called. And open web will create a new instance every time its called. I have added the reflected code for OpenWeb too. Ok so now the question arises: Should't we dispose the SPWeb which is created by RootWeb the first time? – Vardhaman Deshpande Oct 13 '13 at 12:05
  • 1
    @VardhamanDeshpande - See here: Should I dispose of this SPWeb? and MSDN. (Search SPSite.RootWeb) – banana Oct 13 '13 at 12:21

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