I am trying to upload a file (actually copy a file from a local machine) to folder in OneDrive for Business

Unfortunately I have not been able to find any PowerShell examples that can upload a file to OneDrive.

Is it even possible?

$User = "[email protected]" 
$SiteURL = "https://domaincorp.sharepoint.com/sites/GED-Domain/Shared%20Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspx?cid=59d99667%2D45be%2D4ad9%2D8df8%2D569b7ce5bfeb&RootFolder=%2Fsites%2FGED%2DDomain%2DIT%2FShared%20Documents%2F04%5FINFRASTRUCTURE%2FBackup&FolderCTID=0x0120003A5DFAA3F20FCA48BBF44305D69A465B"
$Folder = "C:\Users\SysAdmin\Backup\"
#DocDocLibName is document libary name 
$DocLibName = "Backup"
$foldername = "tes"
#Add references to SharePoint client assemblies and authenticate to Office 365 site – required for CSOM
Add-Type -Path "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\16\ISAPI\Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.dll"
Add-Type -Path "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\16\ISAPI\Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.Runtime.dll"

$Password  = ConvertTo-SecureString ‘StrongPassword’ -AsPlainText -Force

#Bind to site collection
$Context = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.ClientContext($SiteURL)
$Creds = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.SharePointOnlineCredentials($User,$Password)

$Context.Credentials = $Creds

#Retrieve list
$List = $Context.Web.Lists.GetByTitle("$DocLibName")
$ServerRelativeUrlOfRootFolder = $List.RootFolder.ServerRelativeUrl
$uploadFolderUrl=  $ServerRelativeUrlOfRootFolder+"/"+$foldername

#Upload file
Foreach ($File in (dir $Folder -File))
$FileStream = New-Object IO.FileStream($File.FullName,[System.IO.FileMode]::Open)
$FileCreationInfo = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.FileCreationInformation
$FileCreationInfo.Overwrite = $true
$FileCreationInfo.ContentStream = $FileStream
$FileCreationInfo.URL = $File
 if($foldername -eq $null)
  $Upload = $List.RootFolder.Files.Add($FileCreationInfo)
   $targetFolder = $Context.Web.GetFolderByServerRelativeUrl($uploadFolderUrl)
   $Upload = $targetFolder.Files.Add($FileCreationInfo);
#$Upload = $List.RootFolder.Files.Add($FileCreationInfo)

The error is :

Exception lors de l'appel de «ExecuteQuery» avec «0» argument(s): «Cannot contact site at the specified URL https://domaincorp.sharepoint.com/sites/GED-Domain/Shared%20Documents/Forms/AllI
Au caractère C:\Users\SysAdmin\Desktop\script.ps1:23 : 1
+ $Context.ExecuteQuery()
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [], MethodInvocationException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : ClientRequestException

2 Answers 2


I haven't tested your PoSh, but your $SiteUrl variable should be set to https://domaincorp.sharepoint.com/sites/GED-Domain. $DocLibName would be Documents. With that said, this is much easier using the PnP cmdlets. You'll like it :-)

Connect-PnPOnline https://tenant-my.sharepoint.com/personal/username_domain_tld -SPOManagementShell
Add-PnPFile -Path .\localFileName.docx -Folder 'Documents/parentFolder/subfolder'

So in this example, we connect to our personal OneDrive for Business site (you mentioned ODfB but your example shows an SPO site -- doesn't matter) then we add the file named localFileName.docx from our local computer to the Document Library named Documents (aka https://tenant-my.sharepoint.com/personal/username_domain_tld/Shared%20Documents/) and then within the Documents library, we have a parent folder and subfolder. The file will be uploaded underneath the subfolder.

  • I will test and i will return to you
    – J.dock
    Jun 28, 2019 at 16:23
  • Not work , but what is PnP cmdlets ?
    – J.dock
    Jun 29, 2019 at 7:03
  • You don't have access with the creds you used; the cmdlets do work. PnP are open source cmdlets for interacting with SharePoint. They're deveoped by MSFT and the community.
    – user6024
    Jun 29, 2019 at 14:13
$pwd ="StrongPassword"
$SiteUrl = "https://domaincorp-my.sharepoint.com/personal/user_domain_fr/"
$encpassword = convertto-securestring -String $pwd -AsPlainText -Force
$cred = new-object -typename System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -argumentlist $username, $encpassword
Connect-PnPOnline -Url $SiteUrl -Credentials $cred
Add-PnPFile -Path .\localFileName.docx -Folder 'Shared Documents\Backup'

The error is :

Add-PnPFile : Access denied. You do not have permission to perform this action or access this resource.
Au caractère C:\Users\SysAdmin\Desktop\scripting.ps1:7 : 1
+ Add-PnPFile -Path .\localFileName.docx -Folder 'Shared Documents\Back ...
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : WriteError: (:) [Add-PnPFile], ServerUnauthorizedAccessException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : EXCEPTION,SharePointPnP.PowerShell.Commands.Files.AddFile

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