I have a list of links on a SharePoint 2010 site. The links that go to a network browser do not work when Chrome is the browser. I've seen a few articles that say some actions can't be done from Chrome, specifically open Excel. Are links to folders also unable to be opened using Chrome?
Some of the issues with SP 2010 when using Netscape and Chrome are due to the lack of support for ActiveX controls. Look to if there are any add-ins for Chrome for ActiveX support.
ActiveX controls are a security risk.
But there is a chrome extension that will approximate what you are trying to do: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/enable-local-file-links/nikfmfgobenbhmocjaaboihbeocackld?hl=en