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I'm working on Sharepoint as Front-end Developer for now 4 years but now I feel I didn't have basic knowledge about this technology. Below are some questions in my mind and your input is really appreciated:

  1. What is Sharepoint?

  2. Why we use Sharepoint?

  3. In which language we can code in Sharepoint?

  4. What is the role of Front-End Developer in Sharepoint?

closed as too broad by Christoffer, Robert Lindgren, Asad Refai, Gautam Sheth, Gaurravs Nov 15 '18 at 8:02

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There is no single answer to your question. The simple answer is in its name "Share" + "Point".

A place where people can Share information. Where people are looking for and generating information.

There are variuos threads asked about the same question, maybe it will help you:

  1. What exactly is SharePoint?

  2. What is SharePoint all about?

  3. What is SharePoint? Explaining to the business person.

For Front end development you can use variuos languages for coding like:

  1. C#

  2. Javascript(jQuery, Angular, react, etc.) : REST services, SPServices, JSOM, etc.

  3. HTML5 and CSS3 for custom solutions and dashboards.

Source: Skills Every SharePoint Developer Needs.

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Since you have already worked for 4 years as a front end developer for SharePoint , let me answer to you in a way it feels relevant.

1.Which technologies can be used to code in SharePoint ?

So as a front end developer you can use technologies like HTML, CSS, and JS, as well as common web toolkits/frameworks and technologies (text editors/IDEs, jQuery, AJAX, web servers; you get the drift).

2.What exactly SharePoint is and why is it used?

Sharepoint is a web application platform developed by Microsoft. Though you’ll find a wide array of explanations as to what Sharepoint is. It’s most often used as an intranet site for businesses of all shapes and sizes, offering a range of features:

  1. Document management and collaboration

  2. Company- or group-wide wiki pages

  3. Large content libraries

  4. Sub-sites and communities within an organization

  5. Extensive built-in search functionality

  6. Individual personal profile pages and social networking capabilities.

3.What is SharePoint based on ?

Sharepoint runs on the Microsoft stack and this stack contains following components namely:

  1. Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (64-bit)

  2. ASP.NET (3.5, to be exact)

  3. IIS (7.0 or greater)

  4. Microsoft SQL Server 2008

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