Environment: SharePoint 2016, one server with custom role
The user profile service is started ، some usres were imported when the farm installed,
Today, I tried to add a new user in the Same domain , it's not found!!!!
You have to configure the User Profile Sync service which can pull the users from AD to SharePoint. As you need one way sync then Active Directory Import option of UPA will work for you. There are couple of requirements to configure the ADI.
Here is complete step by step guide by MSFT on it. Step by Step: Active Directory Import for SharePoint 2013