I am looking for explicite examples/documentations/good practices describing the way to install, configure and use SCOM to monitor SharePoint 2016 Farm
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Configuration of the Scom is not different from previous version of SharePoint. You need following things.
Once you have properly installed and configured the SCOM servers then you need to install and configure the SharePoint 2016 Management Pack from SCOM on SCOM servers.
Please read the complete Detail on this Blog: System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2016
You can download the Management Pack & installation Doc from here: System Center Management Pack for SharePoint Server 2016 Read the installation doc, they include everything which one required.
P.S: We are using SCOM for our 2016 servers and only thing our SCOM team did with existing SCOM servers are install & configure the New Management Pack.
For SharePoint 2016, You should
Have System Center Operations Manager 2012 deployed in at least one Management Group
Have the Operations Manager 2012 agent deployed on all servers that you want to monitor.
The Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016 Management Pack is designed to be used for monitoring SharePoint Server 2016 events,
Some considerations for the running account
Below is a good reference, to getting start