I created a new custom list , I added columns (17 columns), I went back to The all items page , it show this error
TypeError: unable to get property 0 of undefined or null reference
PS- The list is empty
Try to trace your issue by doing the following:
In case the view is rendered properly so the last column you have removed is the column that causes the issue.
Now try to check if you face the same issue with a new list or not? if it's a general issue for all lists so try to find the latest CU installed in your farm and install a new CU.
If the issue still not solved after applying the new CU, So try to contact Microsoft.