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From what I know both of web part and add-ins (SharePoint-hosted add-ins) can give a custom functionality to a SharePoint page. And the only differences I know is that web part can be added via server-side control and reusable to any pages in a site. And for SharePoint-hosted add-ins, we need to install the add-ins first. But we can add add-ins as a part of a page too right? **pardon me if i'm wrong

So what's the other difference between them?

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What is an App?

In SharePoint 2013, everything in a SharePoint site is an app. SharePoint app or (App for SharePoint) is mainly a web application, a stand-alone piece of functionality that interacts with SharePoint via the Client-Side Object Model (CSOM), the REST and JavaScript API. App cannot contain any server side code which is used in traditional SharePoint farm and sandboxed solution development. App code does not reside on the same server as SharePoint, rather it executes in the client browser or in IIS or in the cloud, thereby making the app loosely coupled with SharePoint. This enables developers to extend the capabilities of SharePoint sites without gaining full-trust access to the SharePoint farm. App is granted permission to SharePoint via OAuth. A key feature of app is that it can be developed using any programming language and technology such as HTML, JavaScript, .NET, PHP, or Java. App is published to a public marketplace or a corporate app catalog from where users can download or purchase it. App is easy to find in app store, install, use, manage, upgrade and uninstall.

App can be developed on both SharePoint Online and in On-Premise offerings. App use the following three types of deployment models.

SharePoint-Hosted – In the SharePoint-hosted deployment type model, a new isolated subweb known as app web is created under the parent site called the host web, for hosting app. The app web keeps all the app content such as lists, workflows, pages, out-of-webparts and so on. The app code runs in the client browser which can use only HTML and JavaScript with CSOM / REST API and not any server side code.

Auto-Hosted (No longer possible to create) – In this cloud model, though the app is developed for SharePoint but the app code resides outside of the SharePoint on Microsoft Windows Azure in the background, which can also have access to Microsoft SQL Azure database for managing data. The app is automatically deployed to Windows Azure and SharePoint creates a cloud-hosted app on your behalf. Auto-hosted model is supported on SharePoint Online only unlike the other deployment models.

Provider-Hosted – The Provider-hosted deployment model is almost same as Auto-hosted model, the only difference is that the app code resides in an external domain or server i.e. your own hosting environment which may not be necessarily be windows-based. The app code can be written in any programming language and technology like PHP, .NET or Java. In this scenario, SharePoint acts only as launching pad for the external app.

Refer the following link for more information on apps. Apps for SharePoint Overview – http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/fp179930.aspx


What is a Web Part?

Web Part is a reusable component or a server side control that can be added inside a SharePoint page. Web Part code runs directly within the SharePoint server. There are several out-of-box Web Parts available in SharePoint and one can also build their own custom Web Parts. Web Parts are editable, configurable and can even be connected to each other. Also, Web Parts can be utilized within an app.

Both App Parts and Web Parts are listed in the Web Part gallery from where they can be added in a page. From an end user’s perspective, App Part is like a Web Part – both of them provides a way to add a piece of functionality to a page. However, there are primary differences between them in how they are developed and deployed. In App Part, the app code runs outside of the SharePoint while Web Part code runs within SharePoint. So, poorly built apps does not impact SharePoint environment as in case with poorly built Web Parts.

Difference:

  • Using visual web part, you can add use SSOM (Server Side Object Model) but you can not add SSOM code in apps. You can see the difference between SSOM vs. CSOM here.

Reference:

  • @Intan If this answer is helpful then kindly accept the answer so it will help other members of the site. :) – Dikesh Gandhi Sep 8 '16 at 6:51

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