Assume i have 3 checkboxes in my webpart Properties. Checkboxes are for selecting categories.

In my SharePoint list i have multichoice column called category and values in it are CAT1,CAT2 and CAT3

If user Selects any of those checkbox or combination of those checkboxes then how can i build dynamice CAML Query. Write now i am writing School boyish stuff like below

var IsCAT1Selected = false;
var IsCAT2Selected = false;
var IsCAT3Selected = false;
// retrieve Properties selected
IsCAT1Selected = ParentWebPart._CAT1property;
IsCAT2Selected = ParentWebPart._CAT2property;
IsCAT3Selected = ParentWebPart._CAT3property;

SPQuery query = new SPQuery();
if (IsCAT1Selected){
    query.Query = "<Where><Eq><FieldRef Name ='Category'/><Value Type ='MultiChoice'>CAT1</Value></Eq></Where> ";        
if (IsCAT2Selected){
    query.Query = "<Where><Eq><FieldRef Name ='Category'/><Value Type ='MultiChoice'>CAT2</Value></Eq></Where> ";        
if (IsCAT3Selected){
   // same Query as above except pass value as "CAT3"

If (IsCAT1Selected && IsCAT2Selected){
         query.Query = "<Where><Or><Contains><FieldRef Name ='Category'/><Value Type ='MultiChoice'>CAT1</Value></Contains><Contains><FieldRef Name ='Category'/><Value Type ='MultiChoice'>CAT2</Value></Contains></Or></Where> ";

if (IsCAT1Selected && IsCAT3Selected){
     //same Query as above except changing values to CAT1 and CAT3

If checkboxes increases then Logic will become even more complicated. I have Write several combinations.

How can i Write simple Logic for this?

2 Answers 2


By using code from How to build a CAML query with several nested OR's using a loop and its answser https://sharepoint.stackexchange.com/a/167266/35604, you can easily simplify your code.
Now you have all these methods that help you building nested Or and And queries, simply do this:

List<string> queries = new List<string>();
if (IsCAT1Selected)
    queries.Add(QueryEq("Category", "MultiChoice", "CAT1"));
if (IsCAT2Selected)
    queries.Add(QueryEq("Category", "MultiChoice", "CAT2"));
if (IsCAT3Selected)
    queries.Add(QueryEq("Category", "MultiChoice", "CAT3"));

query.Query = QueryBody(RecursiveNestedOr(queries));
  • Wow this is awesome.. Give some brain to me
    – Happy
    Commented Feb 5, 2016 at 10:58

There is no good solutions to this, other than creating a string and appending subqueries underneath. I faced this a few years back, and ended up with appending subqueries to a big query.

Though, you should go away with all the combinations. Instead having something like this :

List<string>partCollection = new List<string>();
if (IsCAT1Selected){
   partCollection.Add("<Eq><FieldRef Name ='Category'/><Value Type='MultiChoice'>CAT1</Value></Eq>");

and then combine with

string fullQuery ="<Where>";
foreach (var part in partCollection)
   fullQuery += "<Or>" +part +"</Or>"
fullQuery +="</Where>";

Its a bit more complex to it, since you need to pair the part queries so the 'OR' works.

  • 1
    But you are just checking for 1 checkbox selected.. what happens 2 checkboxes seleced
    – Happy
    Commented Feb 5, 2016 at 10:37
  • You copy the "template" (first code) for IsCat2Selected and specify that query, and adds it to the partCollection collection.
    – Ola
    Commented Feb 5, 2016 at 10:39

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