I would like to get all the moderation status of a list item in a deleting event. I have enabled 'versioning'.

If the item approved once, the item should not be deleted, this is my requirement.

  • Have you considered declaring it as a record?
    – Bunzab
    Aug 18, 2015 at 7:27

4 Answers 4


In Item deleting event you can write code like this

SPListItem item = properties.ListItem;

string Status =item[item.Fields.GetFieldByInternalName("_ModerationStatus").Id] 

 if (Status == "Approved")

    properties.Cancel = true;
    properties.ErrorMessage = "Cannot delete data";

  • Hi Amit, it will trigger if the current status is 'Approved'. if the user edit the iten then it status will go to 'Pending' and this error won't appear. I need to get all the 'ModerationStatus' of a particular item. Aug 18, 2015 at 7:52
  • Then use Item Updated event also so that whenever item is updated or updating you can get the Moderationstatus of that item also
    – Amit Kotha
    Aug 18, 2015 at 7:57
  • In SP2013, properties.Cancel is obsolete. You can use properties.Status and set it with the SPEventReceiverStatus enumeration.
    – Lance
    Aug 19, 2015 at 14:05

I believe the values can be found in this enum:


public enum SPModerationStatusType

MSDN Source

As to preventing it from being deleted once it's approved, maybe using permission levels are more suitable than implementing an event receiver ?


There is a property on SPListItem called HasPublishedVersion

Gets a Boolean value that specifies whether a published version of the item exists.

That will probably be your best bet.

Here is a code snippet you could use inside your ItemDeleting event:

if (properties.ListItem.HasPublishedVersion)
    // don't allow delete
    properties.Status = SPEventReceiverStatus.CancelWithError;
    properties.ErrorMessage = "Cannot delete items with published versions";

With this code, I've used properties.Status instead of properties.Cancel because it is obsolete in SP2013. If you are using SP2010, then use properties.Cancel.

Originally I thought you could simply check the version number? If it is >= 1 then it has been approved at some point. Draft versions increment the minor portion while published versions increment the major portion. This could be a backup option.

For example: Version 0.16 has never been published. Version 3.3 has been published 3 times.

If you want to check the version number, the SPListItem.Versions property returns a collection of item versions. You can index the collection like this var latestVersion = versionColl[0]; and check the number of the most recent version using the VersionLabel property


By the way if you came here for the same reason I did: SharePoint Online updated the internal name of the approval status for REST api to OData__ModerationStatus ( was just _ModerationStatus in SP2013.

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