So I just figured out a way to do it, after a lot of trying and error fixing.
For ease of explaining I've named the column that holds the content for the lookup "SourceList"
1) Create a loop list, containing three columns: Title, cnt, LoopGUID
2) Create one entry with the title "Count", a cnt of 0 and the LoopGUID "idle"
3) Add a column "LoopGUID" to the SourceList and fill it with the default value "idle"
Three looping workflows
4) Create a Workflow on the custom list that the users fill in containing the selection(s) that runs on creates and edits
4.1) If "Loop list:cnt" equals 0
4.1.1) Pause 5 minutes
4.2) If "Loop list:cnt" equals 0
4.2.1) Pause 5 minutes
4.3) If "Loop list:cnt" equals 0
4.4) Update "Loop list", set cnt = 1, LoopGUID = CurrentItem:GUID where title equals "Count"
5) Create a Workflow on the Loop list that runs on edits
5.0) Create a local variable (String) called LookupValidator
5.1) If CurrentItem:cnt > 0
5.1.1) Set LocalVariable:LookupValidator to SourceList:GUID, where SourceList:LoopGUID equals "idle"
5.1.2) If LocalVariable:LookupValidator is not empty
18.104.22.168) Update item in SourceList: SourceList:LoopGUID = CurrentItem:LoopGUID, where SourceList:LoopGUID equals "idle"
6) Create a Workflow on the SourceList that runs on edits
6.0) Create a local variable named cnt (Number) and a local variable named LookupValidator (String)
6.1) Set LocalVariable:cnt to LoopList:cnt, where Title equals "Count"
6.2) Calculate LocalVariable:cnt plus 1 and store in LocalVariable:cnt
6.3) Update LoopList:cnt = LocalVariable:cnt, where Title equals "Count"
6.4) Pause for 1 minute
6.5) If LoopList:cnt equals LocalVariable:cnt
6.5.1) Update LoopList, set cnt = 0, GUID = "idle" where Title = "Count"
One workflow to do what you want
7) Create a Workflow on the SourceList that runs on edits
7.1a) If CurrentItem:LoopGUID is not empty
7.1b) And CurrentItem:LoopGUID not equals "idle"
7.1.1) [Do your actions here]
7.1.2) Pause for 1 minute
7.1.3) Update CurrentItem:LoopGUID = "idle"
The pauses will make sure that the list is automatically reset when all changes are complete. The 3 times 5 minutes wait on Workflow #1 is to give the workflow multiple chances of going through the entire sequence before giving up, just in case more then one item is modified within 4 minutes.