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I am recently starting to use SharePoint, and one question is how can other web applications retrieve data from SharePoint 2010.

Which web services can I use from either a .NET application or a Java based application?

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There are a number of SOAP web services provided by SharePoint that can be used in Java and ASP.NET. For Java, David Dudok de Wit has a good blog post about using the web services: http://davidsit.wordpress.com/2010/02/10/reading-a-sharepoint-list-with-java-tutorial/.

For ASP.NET, you also have the option of using the SharePoint Client-Side Object Model. This lets you interact with SharePoint using an object model provided by the Microsoft.SharePoint.Client and Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.Runtime assemblies. CSOM is a bit easier to work with than the web services directly.

More info on SharePoint web services: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/ee705814(v=office.14).aspx

  • We both posted the same definitive link :) – RJ Cuthbertson May 30 '14 at 15:05
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There are many options to retrieve data from sharepoint.

  1. Sharepoint server side object model.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj193058(v=office.15).aspx

2 Sharepoint client side object model.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj163201(v=office.15).aspx#BasicOps_FileTasks

3 Sharepoint web services and rest APIs.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/fp142380(v=office.15).aspx

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The REST API is very versatile and easy to learn. Reading and writing with this interface is well documented here:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj860569(v=office.15).aspx

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj164022(v=office.15).aspx

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    The REST API was very limited in 2010. – John Chapman May 30 '14 at 15:03
  • my bad. Didn't see 2010. I'm still asleep – Michael Colbs May 30 '14 at 15:03
  • Very limited = limited to ListData.svc – RJ Cuthbertson May 30 '14 at 15:04
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There are a variety of web services available in SharePoint 2010 that you can use to consume data from a SharePoint site. A quick Google search of "SharePoint 2010 Web Services" returns the following list of all available web services in SharePoint 2010:

SharePoint 2010 Web Services

Which web service you use depends entirely upon the task that you are trying to accomplish.

Some of the most common web services used are:

Lists Web Service

SiteData Web Service

Webs Web Service

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JShare - Java and Android API for SharePoint

Share .NET - .NET Framework and Mono API for SharePoint

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