Represents an ASPX control or Web Part that is designated as secure for any user to access on any ASPX page on the SharePoint site.
A fundamental assumption of the Windows SharePoint Services technology is that "untrusted users" can upload and create ASPX pages within the system on which Windows SharePoint Services is running. These users should be prevented from adding server-side code within ASPX pages, but there should be a list of approved controls that those untrusted users can use. One way to provide these controls is to create a Safe Controls list.
The Safe Controls list is a list of controls and Web Parts specific to your SharePoint site that you have designated as safe for invocation on any ASPX page within your site. You store this list in the web.config file in your Web application root