UPDATE after trying the OOTB list app:
I have a strange issue with placing a list view web part on a publishing page layout.
The searchbox is displaying, but when I search it does not load any results (the spinner never stops spinning).
inplview is undefined
so I tried referencing
inplview.js. This makes the error message disappear, but still no luck with loading search results. Filtering and sorting works great though.
Note that this it true both for custom XSLT webpart and for the "App" for the list.