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I'm trying to set up a site architecture for a new Office 365 account, and we would need to have a site and its documents generally open to multiple employees, but some of these need access to most documents but not all.

I was wondering if this could be controlled by metadata? I.e. if the site and document library is generally open to all users, but if a file or page has a certain metadata value, it should be restricted to a particular group. Is that possible? If not, is there another way to achieve this?

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Metadata cannot be used to manage item permissions. You can use metadata to filter views. You can build pages with filtered and unfiltered views and assign permissions to these pages. But a savvy user can circumvent these and get access to the list/library directly. You can use workflows that assign permissions based on metadata. –  teylyn Mar 11 '13 at 8:30
So how would I go about resolving the problem: documents that are in a site/library where only some files should be visible to all? I don't want to put them in separate sites/libraries, because then they won't be searchable/filterable/possible to create views for... –  Anders Svensson Mar 11 '13 at 13:01
You may need to set item level permissions on the items that should not be visible to all. –  teylyn Mar 11 '13 at 21:21
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