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How can I get default content type of sharepoint list programmatically?

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

SPContentType defaultCT = list.ContentTypes[0];

This should get you the first content type which is the default one.

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You can run the following to determine the content type ordering (first is default).

SPList list = (code to identify your list instance here);
var listFolder = list.RootFolder;
var contentTypeOrder listFolder.UniqueContentTypeOrder;
var defaultContentType = contentTypeOrder[0];

The defaultContentType variable will then contain the default content type object.

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