Can some please tell me how to grant external users access to SharePoint external facing site? I have a SharePoint 2013 Enterprise Standalone server.
For external access I would suggest using identity provider with SAML authentication.
Reference: Plan for SAML token-based authentication
i have the same situation, in my case i have 3 sites sharepoint (internet, clients [Extranet], employé [Intranet]), so, i using anonymous access for internet site, and of course windows authentication (active directory) for intranet, and for clients (external users) i use Forms-Based Authentication with SQLMemberShipProvider like that i separate external users and internal users, just if you can use separate web application between this 3 sites its better.
like that you can ensure a separation between your environments, and easy to manage it.
if you can't have multiple web application, of course you can use only one web application and activate anonymous (if you want) and use multiple authentication (windows authentication for local users and forms authentication for external users)