I am assuming this movement will SharePoint 2010 to 2010 specific and not 2007 to 2010 upgrade.
Well this a basic checklist you need to prepare before the movement.
Custom Deployed WSP
Windows Services Setup , Config Files
Infopath Form Templates
Web Analytics Data
WSS Web Configuration Files
Web Application General Settings
Excel Services Trusted Locations
Style Components (layouts 14)
Custom Navigation XML menu if used
SMTP Services references
Reporting Services (reports if used , need to be consolidated before)
Web Analytics Services
Sequence should be like this
Prepare the farm with the required topology based on the assessment you have done for the current farm.
Install and configure sharepoint.
Plan for service application provisioning like Search , User Profile synchronization and Excel services , etc.
Replicate the information architecture (web applications creation only)
Deploy all custom solutions and dlls
Do a content database attachment once the solutions are deployed.
- Make the neccessary entries on the web config files of each web application if customizations are done on the current farm.
Verify the migration and site collections,data , list counts everything.
Please note that these are very generic steps but essential for any sort of migration in sharepoint.Additionally sharepoint configuration database will not be moved from standalone and you need recreate the new environment from scratch. Only content databases of web applications can be moved however im not really sure (from foundation to complete farm configuration) would be a bottleneck for this.