I am going to upload my list template onto a live site, don't have the option of testing first. Will the .stp file include the content type used by the list. Also where will it be uploaded to on the new site e.g Site Content Types or List Template Gallery or where? I am using SharePoint 2013.
When saving the list as a template you get the option "Include content". So depending on your selection content will be included, but I think there is a limitation regarding the max. size of list templates (which was pretty low in SP2010, I think 10 MB) I will doublecheck on that...